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It was very important to Henry that his wife should give birth to a male child. Without a son to take over from him when he died, Henry feared that the Tudor family would lose control of England.
Henry expected a son and selected the names of Edward and Henry. While Henry was furious about having another daughter, the supporters of his first wife, Catherine of Aragon were delighted and claimed that it proved God was punishing Henry for his illegal marriage to Anne.
Henry reacted by declaring that the Pope no longer had authority in England. In NovemberParliament passed the Act of Supremacy. This gave Henry the title of the "Supreme head of the Church of England".
A Treason Act was also passed that made it an offence to attempt by any means, including writing and speaking, to accuse the King and his heirs of heresy or tyranny.
All subjects were ordered to take an oath accepting this.
More was happy to swear that the children of Anne Boleyn could succeed to the throne, but he could not declare on oath that all the previous Acts of Parliament had been valid.
He could not deny the authority of the pope "without the jeoparding of my soul to perpetual damnation. On hearing this news, Anne Boleyn apparently said that the "cursed bastard" should be given "a good banging". Mary was only confined to her room and it was her servants who were sent to prison.
On 15th June,it was reported to Thomas Cromwell that the Observant Friars of Richmond refused to take the oath. Two days later two carts full of friars were hanged, drawn and quartered for denying the royal supremacy.
A few days later a group of Carthusian monks were executed for the same offence. I say none harm, I think none harm, but wish everybody good. And if this be not enough to keep a man alive, in good faith I long not to live. They were hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 4th May.
More told his executioner: Pluck up thy spirits, man, and be not afraid to do thine office. My neck is very short; take heed, therefore, thou strike not awry for saving of thine honesty.Act of Supremacy. In March Pope Clement VII announced that Henry's marriage to Anne Boleyn was invalid.
Henry reacted by declaring that the Pope no longer had authority in England. In November , Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy. This gave Henry the title of the "Supreme head of the Church of England". First Act of Supremacy The first Act of Supremacy was passed on 3 November (26 Hen.
VIII c. 1) by the Parliament of England. It granted King Henry VIII of England and subsequent monarchs Royal Supremacy, such that he was declared the supreme head of the Church of England.
THE ACT OF SUPREMACY () Albeit, the King's Majesty justly and rightfully is and oweth to be the supreme head of the Church of England, and so is recognised by the clergy of this realm in their Convocations; yet nevertheless for corroboration and confirmation thereof.
The Act of Supremacy (1 Eliz 1 c 1), also referred to as the Act of Supremacy , is an act of the Parliament of England, passed under the auspices of Elizabeth I.
The Act of Supremacy () recognized Henry VIII as supreme head of the Church of England and assigned to the crown the power to visit, investigate, correct, and discipline the regular and secular clergy.
This act was given practical effect in when Thomas Cromwell was. In Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy which defined the right of Henry VIII to be supreme head on earth of the Church of England, thereby severing ecclesiastical links with Rome.