An analysis of the case of sarah murnaghan and the medical condition of cystic fibrosis

Up until JuneOrgan Procurement and Transplantation Network OPTN and United Network for Organ Sharing UNOS policy dictated that lungs for children under the age of 12 be strictly allocated in the US on a first-come, first-served basis, unlike lungs for adults and children over 12, which are allocated by an algorithm Lung Allocation Score that takes into account factors such as disease progression and life expectancy [2].

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Get instant access to the one-stop news source for business lawyers This was replaced by the current system, in which prospective lung recipients of age of 12 and older are assigned a lung allocation score or LAS, which takes into account various measures of the patient's health.

How a small group of public relations volunteers helped a year-old get new lungs and changed U. Case Studies in Strategic Communication, 3, article 5.

Transplant Policy Loyola University Chicago Abstract When year-old Sarah Murnaghan was in dire need of a lung transplant, a small team of public relations practitioners volunteered to help make it happen.

The team generated extensive media coverage and social media attention and prompted several political officials to advocate for Sarah.

Debating The Ethics Of Children's Organ Transplants - Law

Team Sarah; Sarah Murnaghan; lung transplant; transplant policy; strategic communication; public relations campaign; social media campaign; case study Introduction In springSarah Murnaghan, a year-old Pennsylvania girl with cystic fibrosis, desperately needed a lung transplant.

At the time, she was among the more thanAmericans on the national waiting list for donor organs and one of 1, waiting for donated lungs Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, Sarah had been on the waiting list for 18 months.

As her condition worsened, she was hospitalized in February and placed on a ventilator. Dear friends from my former PR life, Sarah needs your help.

She has only a week or two before she will lose her battle with Cystic Fibrosis if she does not receive donor lungs. If Sarah was 12 years old, she would have a high probability of receiving lungs in time. Since she is 10, she will only receive adult donor lungs after all adult candidates, regardless of how sick they are, have the opportunity to accept donor lungs.

We need to draw national attention to this arbitrary ruling which costs children their lives. I need your ideas and efforts to make this happen quickly.

Some knew Janet Murnaghan well from working with her at the Tierney Agency, a public relations and advertising firm in Philadelphia, but several knew her only slightly. How did they quickly generate a groundswell of public and political support?

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What influenced their strategy and tactics? And what can be learned from their decisions and actions? Background The first human organ transplant in the United States, a kidney transplant, occurred infollowed by the first liver, lung, and heart transplants in the s Triant, But most early transplant patients did not survive long: Recipient rejection was the biggest barrier to the growth of transplantation; because the human immune system is designed to repel foreign bodies, rejection of donated organs was common.

Approval of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine in greatly reduced the rejection rate Koch, Yet transplants are not a panacea: Nonetheless, more hospitals have established transplantation centers, making transplants possible for a greater number of patients.

As demand for transplants escalated in the United States, the need for donors has increasingly outstripped supply Munson, Supply and demand for U.

An analysis of the case of sarah murnaghan and the medical condition of cystic fibrosis

The National Organ Transplantation Act established a national system to coordinate organ collection and distribution Koch, While children under 12 have top priority for donor lungs from children and are second in line for adolescent lungs, they have the lowest priority for adult lungs Halpern, But child lung donors are very rare: Instead, team members were briefed by the Murnaghans, who had spent weeks researching the lung transplant rule and the organizations, agencies, and officials that governed transplant policy.

The plan did not include a budget, because there were no funds, or a timeline, because Team Sarah intended to work as long as needed and develop as many tactics as necessary.

Philadelphia rulings on dying children spur debate on transplants - latimes

The sole evaluation criterion was whether Sarah got new lungs. Key messages in the plan included: Ten-year-old Sarah Murnaghan is losing her battle with cystic fibrosis because of a policy that prohibits her from getting the adult lungs her transplant doctors have approved to save her life.

Under current policy, if Sarah were 12 years old she would be considered equally among all others on this list for an adult lung transplant.

Ironically, the system is intended to save lives by giving lungs to the most severely ill person first. The Murnaghans just want the system to work as it was set up to, allowing Sarah to be considered for adult lungs based on the severity of her disease.

An analysis of the case of sarah murnaghan and the medical condition of cystic fibrosis

UNOS is reviewing these policies to make sure they are consistent with advancing medical technology. Team Sarah also developed several tools to streamline media outreach: Team members recognized that the officials and administrators who ran OPTN, UNOS, and DHHS, and the physicians who advised them on transplant policy, could be susceptible to political and public pressure to change lung transplant policy and not just make an exception for Sarah.A federal judge intervened in the case of a year-old girl with cystic fibrosis who needs a lung transplant, ordering HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius to provide an exception and place the girl.

Sarah is dying of cystic fibrosis and won a federal court order Wednesday to sidestep the controversial transplant rule that had been preventing her from getting new lungs. New ethical questions have been spurred by the recent lung transplantation case involving a year old girl from Pennsylvania.

Sarah Murnaghan, who was diagnosed with cystic fibrosis, had been. “Judge Rules Sarah Murnaghan Can Be Put on Adult Donor List” is just one of many headlines about this medical story that filled national news outlets during early June of A ten-year-old girl being treated at the prestigious Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia for cystic fibrosis was.

In spring , Sarah Murnaghan, a year-old Pennsylvania girl with cystic fibrosis, desperately needed a lung transplant. UNOS is reviewing these policies to make sure they are consistent with advancing medical technology. However, Sarah’s case is dire and in order to treat her fairly, an immediate exception must be made first to.

The Impact of Living with Cystic Fibrosis - Medical impact CF is a chronic condition therefore the patients are either seeking medical attention or receiving (sometime involuntarily) a great deal of medical scrutiny and intervention during their lifetime.

Girl Prompts Organ Transplant Policy Review - ABC News