Cosmic myths across cultures

It does not only symbolize a hunter man. There is much more to it than that.

Cosmic myths across cultures

It is formed by three massive, bright stars located in our galaxy, in the direction of the constellation Orion, the Hunter: Alnilam, Alnitak and Mintaka. Two of the three stars are supergiants. The asterism and the constellation are visible in northern latitudes from November to February.

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The best time of year to observe the asterism is in January around 9 PM. Because the belt stars are so prominent in the northern sky, they are associated with a number of stories and myths.

The stars are believed to have formed from the same nebula in Orion constellationand they are roughly the same age. The belt stars are members of the Orion OB1b association, along with many other stars in this region, and they travel together through space.

They were all formed inside the same molecular cloud about 4 million years ago.

Cosmic myths across cultures

Also captured are the red supergiant Betelgeuse top left and the famous belt of Orion composed of the OB stars Altitak, Alnilam and Mintaka. To the bottom right can be found the star Rigel. The photograph appeared as the Astronomy Picture of the Day on October 23, The star system is approximately light years distant from Earth and overtimes more luminous than the Sun.

The combined apparent magnitude of the system is 1. The primary component in the Alnitak system is a close binary star composed of a blue supergiant belonging to the spectral class O9.

The supergiant has an apparent magnitude of 2. The supergiant has a mass about 27 times that of the Sun and a diameter 19 times solar. It is the brightest O-class star in the sky, with a luminositytimes solar. The blue dwarf was only discovered in It has a mass about 19 times solar and a radius 7.

The third component in the Alnitak system is a 4th magnitude B0-type star which orbits the main pair every 1, years. There is a 9th magnitude star along the same line of sight, but it is unclear whether it is physically related to the system or just an optical companion. The bright bluish star towards the right is one of the three bright stars forming the Belt of Orion.

It is located at a distance of 1, light years from Earth. The star is a large blue supergiant with a visual magnitude of 1. Alnilam is the 30th brightest star in the sky and the fourth brightest in Orion constellationafter Rigel, Betelgeuse and Bellatrix.

It has the stellar classification B0 Ia and is also classified as an Alpha Cygni type variable, which is to say it is a supergiant star that exhibits non-radial pulsations, with some portions of its surface contracting while others expand. Alnilam has a radius 30 times that of the Sun and istimes more luminous.

The star is surrounded by NGCa molecular cloud turned into a reflection nebula by the light of the bright star.

It is a binary star approximately light years from Earth. It has an apparent magnitude of 2. It is 90, times more luminous and 20 times more massive than the Sun.While flood myths are common to practically every culture on the planet, they differ significantly in detail.

This article describes hundreds of flood myths originating from cultures all over the globe.

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Cosmic myths across cultures

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