Essays on roman fever

The climax has Just occurred as Mrs. Slade confesses that she is the one who wrote Mrs.

Essays on roman fever

Carthage was a rich, flourishing Phoenician city-state that intended to dominate the Mediterranean area. The two cities were allies in the times of Pyrrhus, who was a menace to both, but with Rome's hegemony in mainland Italy and the Carthaginian thalassocracythese cities became Essays on roman fever two major powers in the Western Mediterranean and their contention over the Mediterranean led to conflict.

After the Carthaginian intercession, Messana asked Rome to expel the Carthaginians. Rome entered this war because Syracuse and Messana were too close to the newly conquered Greek cities of Southern Italy and Carthage was now able to make an offensive through Roman territory; along with this, Rome could extend its domain over Sicily.

Carthage was a maritime power, and the Roman lack of ships and naval experience would make the path to the victory a long and difficult one for the Roman Republic. Despite this, after more than 20 years of war, Rome defeated Carthage and a peace treaty was signed.

Among the reasons for the Second Punic War [35] was the subsequent war reparations Carthage acquiesced to at the end of the First Punic War. Rome fought this war simultaneously with the First Macedonian War. The war began with the audacious invasion of Hispania by Hannibal, the Carthaginian general who had led operations on Sicily in the First Punic War.

The best way found to defeat Hannibal's purpose of causing the Italians to abandon Rome was to delay the Carthaginians with a guerrilla war of attrition, a strategy propounded by Quintus Fabius Maximus, who would be nicknamed Cunctator "delayer" in Latinand whose strategy would be forever after known as Fabian.

Due to this, Hannibal's goal was unachieved: Still, Hannibal's invasion lasted over 16 years, ravaging Italy. Finally, when the Romans perceived that Hannibal's supplies were running out, they sent Scipio, who had defeated Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal in Spain, to invade the unprotected Carthaginian hinterland and force Hannibal to return to defend Carthage itself.

At great cost, Rome had made significant gains: More than a half century after these events, Carthage was humiliated and Rome was no more concerned about the African menace. The Republic's focus now was only to the Hellenistic kingdoms of Greece and revolts in Hispania.

Essays on roman fever

However, Carthage, after having paid the war indemnity, felt that its commitments and submission to Rome had ceased, a vision not shared by the Roman Senate. Ambassadors were sent to Carthage, among them was Marcus Porcius Catowho after seeing that Carthage could make a comeback and regain its importance, ended all his speeches, no matter what the subject was, by saying: Carthage resisted well at the first strike, with the participation of all the inhabitants of the city.

Themes and Meanings

However, Carthage could not withstand the attack of Scipio Aemilianuswho entirely destroyed the city and its walls, enslaved and sold all the citizens and gained control of that region, which became the province of Africa. Thus ended the Punic War period. All these wars resulted in Rome's first overseas conquests SicilyHispania and Africa and the rise of Rome as a significant imperial power and began the end of democracy.

At this time Rome was a consolidated empire — in the military view — and had no major enemies. Gaius Mariusa Roman general and politician who dramatically reformed the Roman military Foreign dominance led to internal strife.

Roman Fever Analysis - Sample Essays

Senators became rich at the provinces ' expense; soldiers, who were mostly small-scale farmers, were away from home longer and could not maintain their land; and the increased reliance on foreign slaves and the growth of latifundia reduced the availability of paid work.

Violent gangs of the urban unemployed, controlled by rival Senators, intimidated the electorate through violence. The situation came to a head in the late 2nd century BC under the Gracchi brothers, a pair of tribunes who attempted to pass land reform legislation that would redistribute the major patrician landholdings among the plebeians.

Both brothers were killed and the Senate passed reforms reversing the Gracchi brother's actions. Marius then started his military reform: At this time, Marius began his quarrel with Lucius Cornelius Sulla: Marius, who wanted to capture Jugurtha, asked Bocchusson-in-law of Jugurtha, to hand him over.

As Marius failed, Sulla, a general of Marius at that time, in a dangerous enterprise, went himself to Bocchus and convinced Bocchus to hand Jugurtha over to him. This was very provocative to Marius, since many of his enemies were encouraging Sulla to oppose Marius.

Lucius Cornelius Sulla After Marius's retirement, Rome had a brief peace, during which the Italian socii "allies" in Latin requested Roman citizenship and voting rights. The reformist Marcus Livius Drusus supported their legal process but was assassinated, and the socii revolted against the Romans in the Social War.

At one point both consuls were killed; Marius was appointed to command the army together with Lucius Julius Caesar and Sulla. However, Marius's partisans managed his installation to the military command, defying Sulla and the Senateand this caused Sulla's wrath. To consolidate his own power, Sulla conducted a surprising and illegal action: He seized power along with the consul Lucius Cornelius Cinna and killed the other consul, Gnaeus Octaviusachieving his seventh consulship.The central conflicts in “Roman Fever” and The House of Mirth is a rivalry between a respective pair of women.

In both works of literature, the women go to great lengths to win the rivalry, including sleeping with the fiancé and eventual husband of one, and publicly shaming and implying adulterous actions on the part of another.5/5(1). The goal of this experiment was to synthesize aspirin. In this experiment aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid, was synthesized from salicylic acid and acetic anhydride.

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In the reaction the hydroxyl group on the benzene ring in salicylic acid reacted with acetic anhydride to form an ester functional group. This method of forming acetylsalicylic acid [ ].

Critical Responses to "Roman Fever" See also the current bibliography on short stories and the bibliography on "Roman Fever." The following summaries and quotations provide a sample of the critical perspectives on this story.

Bauer, Dale M. “Edith Wharton’s “Roman Fever”: A Rune of History.” College English (): Roman Fever, by Edith Wharton, is a short story that tells about two American women visiting their daughters in Rome. Over the course of their visit, they discuss and reflect on the competitive.

In "Roman Fever," Grace and Alida sit at a restaurant, staring at the ruins of the Roman Forum. When they were younger, Grace fell in love with Alida's future husband, Delphin.

He and Grace met at. Essay on Roman Fever The climax in " Roman Fever" by Edith Wharton appears at the very end of the story, however the author, she has prepaired subtly for this shocking ending by using a series of foreshadowdings and hints before reaching the climax.

At the first part of the story, the foreshadowings mostly concentrates on Mrs. Ansley.

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