Trudeau was christened with his father's niece Anne Rouleau-Danis as godmother and his mother's brother-in-law Thomas Walker as godfather   at Ottawa's Notre Dame Basilica on the afternoon of January 16,which marked his first public appearance. Nixon said, "I'd like to toast the future prime minister of Canada, to Justin Pierre Trudeau" to which Pierre Elliott Trudeau responded that should his son ever assume the role, he hoped he would have "the grace and skill of the president".
Also arriving in this group was a great great grandfather, Robert Denisonwho had come from Connecticut at about the same time. Perry had accompanied his father, Samuel Borden, the chief surveyor chosen by the government of Massachusetts to survey the former Acadian land and draw up new lots for the Planters in Nova Scotia.
His mother Eunice Jane Laird was more driven, possessing "very strong character, remarkable energy, high ambition and unusual ability". Her ambition was transmitted to her first-born child, who applied himself to his studies while assisting his parents with the farm work he found so disagreeable.
His cousin Sir Frederick Borden was a prominent Liberal politician. Seeing no future in teaching, he returned to Nova Scotia in Despite having no formal university education, he went to article for four years at a Halifax law firm. In Augusthe was called to the Nova Scotia Bar, placing first in the bar examinations.
In the Autumn ofwhen he was only 35, Borden became the senior partner following the departure of Graham and Tupper for the bench and politics, respectively. His financial future guaranteed, on September 25,he married Laura Bond —the daughter of a Halifax hardware merchant.
They would have no children. Inhe bought a large property and home on the south side of Quinpool Road, which the couple called "Pinehurst". InBorden successfully argued the first of two cases which he took to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Conservative Party in opposition[ edit ] Borden and Winston Churchill in Borden was a Liberal until he broke with the party in over the issue of Reciprocity.
He was elected to Parliament in the federal election as a Conservative and in was selected by the Conservative caucus to succeed Sir Charles Tupper as leader of the Conservative Party. He was defeated in his Halifax seat in the federal election and re-entered the House of Commons the next year via a by-election in Carleton.
Over the next decade he worked to rebuild the party and establish a reform policy, the Halifax Platform of which he described as "the most advanced and progressive policy ever put forward in Federal affairs".
It called for reform of the Senate and the civil service, a more selective immigration policy, free rural mail delivery, and government regulation of telegraphs, telephones, and railways and eventually national ownership of telegraphs and telephones.
Borden countered with a revised version of John A. Prime Minister — [ edit ] Borden served as Prime Minister for the duration of the 12th Parliament of Canadaand for most of the 13th Parliament of Canadabefore his retirement from active political life in July Borden committed Canada to provide half a million soldiers for the war effort.
However, volunteers had quickly dried up when Canadians realized there would be no quick end to the war. The election saw the "Government" candidates including a number of Liberal-Unionists crush the Opposition " Laurier Liberals " in English Canada resulting in a large parliamentary majority for Borden.
Sir Robert Borden right at the official opening of No. With his return to power, he introduced a bill in for extending the franchise to women.
This passed without division. The war effort also enabled Canada to assert itself as an independent power. Borden wanted to create a single Canadian army, rather than have Canadian soldiers split up and assigned to British divisions as had happened during the Boer War. Sam Hughesthe Minister of Militia, generally ensured that Canadians were well-trained and prepared to fight in their own divisions, although with mixed results such as the Ross Rifle.
Arthur Currie provided sensible leadership for the Canadian divisions in Europe, although they were still under overall British command. Nevertheless, Canadian troops proved themselves to be among the best in the world, fighting at the SommeYpresPasschendaeleand especially at the Battle of Vimy Ridge.
Borden and the Treaty of Versailles[ edit ] In world affairs, Borden played a crucial role according to McMillan in transforming the British Empire into a partnership of equal states, the Commonwealth of Nationsa term that was first discussed at an Imperial Conference in London during the war.
Borden also introduced the first Canadian income tax under Income War Tax Act ofwhich at the time was meant to be temporary, but was never repealed.Although initially against the Canadian Confederation, as Prime Minister he worked to dispel the dissension and conflict that would impede the country’s development.
Several historians have stated that Laurier was a politician who sought results; he was a man of action.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced the next day that recreational use of cannabis would no longer violate criminal law as of October 17, As of October 17, , cannabis is legal in Canada for both recreational and medicinal use. The first French Canadian to become prime minister of Canada was Wilfrid Laurier.
Although French was his native tongue, he became a master of the English language.
This and his picturesque personality made him popular throughout Canada, and he led the young country in a year period of great development.
Early life and career. Robert Laird Borden was born and educated in Grand-Pré, (with the notable exception of leader Wilfrid Laurier) to create a Unionist government.
Borden was the last Canadian Prime Minister to be knighted (in ) since. Sir Wilfrid Laurier, (born Nov.
Donnelly, ), although brief, provides a penetrating analysis of Laurier’s achievements; finally, R. T. Clippingdale, Laurier, his life and world (Toronto, ), focuses on his accomplishments as prime minister. A number of articles and theses have also centred on Laurier. Although initially against the Canadian Confederation, as Prime Minister he worked to dispel the dissension and conflict that would impede the country’s development. Several historians have stated that Laurier was a politician who sought results; he was a man of action. The Life and Times of Sir Wilfrid Laurier is freely accessible to all teachers and students in English and French. Historic Graphic Novel Sir Wilfrid’s story is brought to life through compelling images illustrating the highs and lows of his celebrated career while revealing his common humanity.
20, , Saint-Lin, Canada East [now Quebec, Can.]—died Feb. 17, , Ottawa, Ont., Can.), the first French-Canadian prime minister of the Dominion of Canada (–), noted especially for his attempts to define the role of French Canada in the federal state and to define Canada’s relations to Great Britain.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier. Sir Wilfrid Laurier () was a Canadian political leader. Head of the Liberal party and prime minister, he spurred Canada's economy but foundered on questions of conscription and protective tariffs.. Wilfrid Laurier was born at Saint-Lin, Canada East (now Quebec), on Nov.