Thursday, 14 December
December 30, Abstract: This article discusses the use of computer software from word processing to specialized applications as an aid in analyzing literature by finding, counting, graphing, and analyzing texts available in electronic format.
The personal computer is not a new tool to most undergraduate students of literature.
Most students probably use word processors, together with their built-in grammar and spelling checkers, to write and edit papers. And many campuses provide access to on-line catalogs for research.
But the computer can do much more than that for the student: The ready availability of English and other literary texts in electronic format now makes possible the incorporation of computing tools to aid students in their reading and study of literature. Professors can now make available to students copies of novels, poems, and plays on disk for computer-assisted searching and analysis.
Once the student is familiar with a text, the computer offers several features that can help the student to analyze, test theories, and make significant discoveries. Even if the only software available is a word processing program, the built-in capabilities provide a surprisingly powerful tool to aid the student in literary research.
More specialized text-analysis software is also available very inexpensively, enabling students to Pie chart of internet user essay additional results. Using a Word Processor for Analysis Word processing software enables the student to open a file containing a novel, poem, play, or other work and move through the text, using the find or find-and-replace functions as an aid in looking either for known features or, out of curiosity, looking to see whether or not some feature is present.
Finding Occurrences and Themes. When a student or a scholar reads a text, certain ideas and themes occur, especially after the discovery of patterns, repeated images, special associations, or significant movements of the plot. Often, however, the reader recognizes significance only after seeing a connection or after the repeated occurrence of a word, phrase, or image.
On other occasions, the occurrences are so diffuse or subtle that they may not be spotted even after repeated readings.
Word processing software then becomes useful for searching texts to locate each occurrence of a word or phrase. A student can locate a remembered passage quickly, or locate previous occurrences of a word or phrase after the student discovers that it has apparent significance. A find command will locate words, parts of words, or phrases, and will allow the study of contexts and themes.
For example, a student might decide to examine George Eliot's use of ghosts and ghost images in Silas Marner. The book can be brought to the screen and the student can search for ghost. Nearly all find commands in modern word processing programs allow the user to specify whether or not to look for whole words only thus finding only ghost, or not only ghost, but also ghostly, ghostlike, and so on.
When each occurrence is found, the student can either read the contextual area or print the appropriate section or save it to a research file for later examination. When searching for a theme, the student can develop a search list of related words that the author uses or might use when treating the theme and then search sequentially for the occurrences of each word.
The location, context, frequency, and clustering of occurrence can all play a significant role in the working out of the theme.
Equipped with this information, the student can construct an evidence-rich argument about a thematic feature of interest. It is important to note that a major benefit of computer-aided analysis of this sort is that the student often discovers a much fuller set of empirical data for supporting or rebutting interpretive claims than would be found by looking back through the work at notes and underlinings.
For initial assignments, the professor may wish to provide some guidance and ideas to the student. Sometimes a hint will suffice: And what about those words closely associated with it? From this starting point, some good inductive thinking can proceed. To give students several ideas about the kinds of things they might look for, as well as to supply them with topics should their own creativity fail, a longer assignment might be helpful.
Here, for example, is a computer analysis homework assignment from a course in The Novel, where students were given electronic copies of The Red Badge of Courage: Red Badge of Courage Computer Homework Use your computer's search capability to locate something of thematic significance in Red Badge.
If some image or word or phrase seems to you to have occurred several times in an interesting way, look for that and see what you find. If you are at a loss, here are some suggestions:Effective ways to use/plan lessons with You Tube (especially if internet is slow) Comparing the line graph and pie chart feature set, which of the following is accurate for both?
Remind the user of when an item needs to be addressed. That seemed like a pie chart with user-defined values extracted and combined into a discussion of aspects of this point. It is still needed, but structures and ideas peopled ideas seems signifi- cant, the amount of published authors.
The first type is your standard Pie Chart and the second is the Exploded Pie Chart. The standard pie chart shows parts and their relationship to the whole.
Pie charts are always based on a circle, since the circle provides a true visual concept of the whole hundred percent. The pie chart is the wrong chart type to use as a default; the bar chart is a much better choice for that.
Using a pie chart requires a lot more thought, care, and awareness of its limitations than most other charts. Essay about why zoos are bad apollo and daphne painting analysis essay aids research papers diligence is the mother of good fortune essay writing elephant man movie analysis essay dan rujescu dissertation abstract moritz lembcke dissertation merits and demerits of mobile phone for students essay writing teenage years foundation years essay.
At some point, most of us have tried to use a chore chart or wheel, or maybe just a list, to get our partners and housemates and families to do their share of the tasks that keep our homes running.