Dependent on Indonesia for 25 percent of its oil and touting itself as the "Light of Asia," Japan invades Indonesia in and breaks the Dutch hold on the islands. At first welcomed as liberators, the Japanese soon impose an oppressive and totalitarian occupation.
Politics Politics of Indonesia Indonesia is a constitutional democracy.
After the fall of president Suharto's prolonged authoritarian New Order regime in various constitutional amendments were made in order to reduce effective power of the country's executive branch, thus making a new dictatorship almost impossible.
Indonesia is now characterized by popular sovereignty manifested in parliamentary and presidential elections every five years. Starting from the fall of Suharto's New Order, which marked the beginning of the Reformation period, every election in Indonesia is regarded to be free and fair.
However, the nation is not free from corruptionnepotism, collusion as well as money-politics through which power or political positions can be bought. For example, the poorer segments of Indonesian society are 'encouraged' to vote for a specific presidential candidate on election day by being handed some small money Poltical timeline in indonesia the ballot box.
Such strategies persist and are used by all involved sides which - in some respects - makes it a fair battle and thus different from the New Order era. We consider such issues to be part of Indonesia's growing process towards becoming a full democracy currently - based on the Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index - the nation is still regarded as a flawed democracy.
It needs to be emphasized here that Indonesia constitutes a young democracy and therefore experiences growing pains. Political conditions are important for those who seek to invest or engage in business relations with Indonesia. In this section we present an overview of Indonesia's current political composition as well as overviews of the key chapters in the country's political history.
It discusses the role that religion in particular Islam plays in political decision-making and provides a brief outline of Indonesia's separation of powers trias politicanamely the executive, legislative and judicial branches.
Currently, Joko Widodo's Working Cabinet present is in office. It will govern up to when new parliamentary and presidential elections will be held. Read more about Indonesia's Political Outline Pre-Colonial Period of Indonesia Sources indicate that the archipelago contained multiple political entities from early on in its history.
These various entities slowly evolved from political centers around individuals whose leadership was legitimized by the possession of certain skills and charisma to leaders who legitimized their hold on power by claiming to be godlike figures equipped with supernatural powers, supported by paid armies and a population that paid tribute to the king.
Read more about Indonesia's Pre-Colonial Period Colonial Period of Indonesia The arrival of the Europeans, attracted by the promising perspectives of the spice trade, is one of the major watersheds in the history of the archipelago.
Having more advanced technology and weaponry at hand, the Portuguese and - in particular - the Dutch succeeded in becoming influential economic and political powers that would ultimately dominate the archipelago and laid down new political frameworks and boundaries.
Read more about Indonesia's Colonial Period Soekarno's Old Order Soekarno, Indonesia's first president, is rightfully seen as the icon of the nationalist struggle against the colonizers. But after independence had finally been achieved, he faced the difficult task of guiding a new nation, plagued by traumas from the past and conflicts of political and social forces in the present.
It proved to be a too daunting task for the young and inexperienced generation of Indonesian politicians, resulting in the chaotic middle years of the s. His New Order government, that was characterized by both economic development resulting in an admirable poverty reduction and suppression as well as corruption, would rule Indonesia for more than thirty years.
However, when the booming domestic economy - the main pillar of his legitimacy - collapsed in the late s, Suharto quickly lost control of power. Read more about Suharto's New Order Reformation Period of Indonesia After decades of authoritarian rule, Indonesian politics were to be reformed in order to give the Indonesian people more power in the process of political and economic decision making.
This new period is known as the period of Reformation and is marked by structural changes such as the decentralization of power to the regions and limits to the power of the presidencybut also marked by continuities such as the continuation of corruption, poverty and clustering of capital at society's elite.
Read more about Reformation in Indonesia Current Cabinet of Indonesia This section displays an up-to-date list of members in President Joko Widodo's current cabinet - called the Working Cabinet - which was inaugurated on 27 October and is expected to govern until when new elections will be held.
Widodo is allowed to participate in the presidential elections of as the constitution allows two terms each covering a five-year period to the Indonesian presidency. Since the inauguration there have been made several changes to the composition of the Working Cabinet.- Free elections are held in Indonesia.
East Timor votes for independence, pro-Indonesian militias go on the rampage. East Timor comes under UN administration. rows · List of political parties in Indonesia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. . Spread across a chain of thousands of islands between Asia and Australia, Indonesia has the world's largest Muslim population and Southeast Asia's biggest economy.
Ethnically it is highly diverse. List of political parties in Indonesia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information.
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (August ) Indonesia. This article is part of a series on the.
A timeline of Indochina and Indonesia 10, BC: Domestication of plants in Thailand 4, BC: Metallurgy in Thailand BC: the kingdom of the Nam Viet dynasty extends from Vietnam to Canton BC: An Doung Voung (Thuc Phan) unifies tribes of Vietnam and creates the kingdom of Auc Lac with his capital at Phuc An BC: Chao To create the kingdom of Namviet in northern Vietnam.
The Japanese do, however, encourage political activity and Indonesian nationalism, seeking to affirm the superiority of Asians over the Dutch and the West in general.