A Preface of Quotations Whoever desires for his writings or himself, what none can reasonably condemn,the favor of mankind, must add grace to strength, and make his thoughts agreeable as well as useful. Many complain of neglect who never tried to attract regard. It cannot be expected that the patrons of science or virtue should be solicitous to discover excellencies which they who possess them shade and disguise.
June 14, The AP English Literature rhetorical terms defined and described below are only a sampling of the many concepts that could appear on the test. However, these 15 terms are some of the must-know concepts necessary for success in the English Literature exam. Studying These Terms I personally found writing the words and their definitions Rhetorical terms defined and over again, an approach known as inculcation, to be the best way for me to master this vocabulary before I took the AP English Literature exam.
Compartmentalization is a very useful study skill we can employ in exploring AP English Literature rhetorical terms.
Try not to consider the list as a whole. Consider the 15 rhetorical terms below the first set of words for you to study. Alliteration The repetition of the same initial consonants of words or of stressed syllables in any sequence of neighboring words Purpose: Alliteration highlights a particular part of a piece through the repetition of initial consonants.
The repetition of certain sounds creates emphasizes not only the words in the passage themselves but on the pattern, creating a musical effect. Allusion An indirect or passing reference to an event, person, place, or artistic work Purpose: More often than not, an allusion in a literary work refers to some feature of another, previous literary work.
Analogy Comparing two things or instances in time often based on their structure and used to explain a complex idea in simpler terms Purpose: Antithesis A device used to create contrast by placing two parallel but opposite ideas in a sentence Purpose: Antithesis literally means opposite, but the rhetorical definition calls for parallel structures of contrasting words or clauses.
These opposing words or clauses are placed in close proximity within a sentence in order to create a focal point for the reader. Consonance Repetition of consonant sounds two or more times in short succession within a sentence or phrase Purpose: Consonance is, again, a device used by writers in order to create focus on a particular part of a piece.
In many cases, consonance appears in poetry as a device used to create slant rhymes. This is important to define because understanding diction allows the reader to identify other concepts like the tone of a piece, the intended audience, or even the era in which the piece was written.
Notice repetitive words, phrases, and thoughts. Ellipsis When one or more words are omitted from a sentence Purpose: Often, ellipsis is used to omit some parts of a sentence or even an entire story, forcing the reader to figuratively fill in the gaps.
This heavily depends on the reader being not only invested but also immersed in the story enough to care about what happens during those gaps. Ethos A characteristic spirit of a given culture, era, or community or its beliefs; Ethos, in purely rhetorical terms, is a label used to identify an appeal to the ethics of a culture or individual Purpose: Identifying an ethical appeal will be of particular use to readers when analyzing the work of the ancients.
Consider the overlap between diction and appeal. Hyperbole An intentionally exaggerated statement or claim not meant to be taken literally but creating a desired humorous effect Purpose: A hyperbole involves exaggeration in order to create emphasis. Imagery Visually descriptive or figurative language Purpose: Imagery is used to characterize objects, actions, and ideas in a way that appeals to our physical senses.
The true purpose of imagery is to create a visual imagination of the scenarios or things being described. Again, consider the diction of the piece. Evocative words that arouse the senses—touch, sight, smell, etc.
A writer utilizes irony to show that the words they use do not necessarily represent their intended meaning. Further, irony can be manifest as a situation that does not pan out the way that the audience, speaker, or characters believe it will.
We know and see that a large man is not, in fact, tiny, yet we employ the nickname ironically.
Oxymoron A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction Purpose: An oxymoron is a juxtaposition of two opposing words with the intended effect of creating emphasis through the nonsensical nature of this device.
Oxymoron is used to characterize conflicting emotions, thoughts, or occurrences. An easy example of oxymoron is a two-word, adjective and noun construction such as original copy Pathos A quality that evokes pity or sadness Purpose:Owing to its origin in ancient Greece and Rome, English rhetorical theory frequently employs Greek and Latin words as terms of regardbouddhiste.com page explains commonly used rhetorical terms in alphabetical order.
The brief definitions here are intended to serve as a quick reference rather than an in-depth discussion. Rhetoric definition is - the art of speaking or writing effectively: such as. How to use rhetoric in a sentence. the art of speaking or writing effectively: such as; the study of principles and rules of composition formulated by critics of ancient times.
the ability to use language effectively. the art of prose in general as opposed to verse. the art of making persuasive speeches; oratory. (in classical oratory) the art . Rhetoric is the art of using language to convince or persuade.
Aristotle defines rhetoric as "the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion" and since mastery of the art was necessary for victory in a case at law or for passage of proposals in the assembly or for fame as a speaker in civic ceremonies, calls it "a combination of the science of logic and of the.
Rhetoric Definition. Rhetoric is a technique of using language effectively and persuasively in spoken or written form. It is an art of discourse, which studies and employs various methods to convince, influence, or please an audience.
Literary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. When employed properly, the different literary devices help readers to appreciate, interpret and analyze a literary work.
Below is a list of literary devices with detailed definition and examples.