History[ edit ] Antecedent theoretical developments[ edit ] The Human Resources field evolved first in 18th century in Europe. It built on a simple idea by Robert Owen and Charles Babbage during the industrial revolution. These men concluded that people were crucial to the success of an organization.
No sensible decision can be made any longer without taking into account not only the world as it is, but the world as it will be. The practices of managing a business also then need to evolve taking this reality into consideration.
There is a continuous overhaul in the way in which structures and relationships have existed traditionally within a business. It would be a fallacy to say that this business dynamics does not have any implications for the human resource management HRM function within an organization.
The pace with which the competitive forces act on a present day business is the reason enough for re-evaluating the role of HRM Strategic human resource practices essay a business. The debate on the need for human resource function to contribute effectively had started long back with Karen Legge questioning the objectives of what was then called personnel management.
Her contention was that human resource management HRM needs to be driven by goals. The developed economies have made a transition from primarily industrial in nature, which were driven by passive and reactive practices of personnel management, to knowledge-driven economies fuelled by creativity emanating from human mind.
In this environment, capital, in the form of money, is relatively much easier to obtain, while expertise, which in form of employees, required for driving creativity and innovation, is much more challenging to source.
The resulting implications for HRM are: In this essay, we will explore this nascent discipline and evaluate how it is important for businesses competing on global canvas need to transform their human resource function.
Introduction The overall premise of SHRM is that it should get aligned with business strategy or strategic management of a business. If this is not achieved, then the human resource function is not adding value to a business. To bring clarity to this premise, it is important to define strategic management as well as strategic human resource management: New Role Required Dave Ulrich, professor of business at the University of Michigan, has identified 4 new roles for the human resource function.
He states that these involve HRM becoming: A partner in Strategy Execution: This involves contributing to defining an organizational architecture, conducting an organizational audit, renovation in structure, self-assessment and goal setting within the HR department.
Creation of internal processes within HR department that improve efficiency and credibility.
This involves engaging employees and improving organizational climate. By transforming the base culture of a business that uniformly binds people with common vision and goals.
This role involves preparing the organization for facing and managing changes in external environment. Ulrich, Dave Models and frameworks There are innumerable thoughts on how HRM can be aligned with business strategy and a number of theoretical frameworks have being proposed.
However the bottom line in all these models is clearly that: HRM needs to contribute to business performance and for achieving this goal there need to be clear HR strategies that transform human capital for achieving business goals. One model that attempts to link HRM to business goals is visually expressed as: Boxall, Peter and Purcell, John, Strategy and Human Resource Management, p5 Essentially this is a broad framework of strategic human resource management and it implies that if a business is able to create an outstanding mix of outcomes across the three areas encompassing labour productivity, organizational flexibility and social legitimacy, it can achieve sustained competitive advantage.
Labour productivity cost-effectiveness and organizational flexibility are a challenge in the globalized business environment. Practices like outsourcing are a direct result of this need for cost-effectiveness and flexibility. There can be a conflict between the short-term and long-term needs.
The third area of practice is social legitimacy, which involves fair employment practices, if a business wants to be perceived as a progressive organization by the society in which it operates. An organization also needs to make it imperative for its partners such as suppliers to comply with conditions that accord social legitimacy.
Schools of thought Multiple models of linking HRM to strategy have been proposed. Broadly, there are two schools of thoughts: This involves vertical integration by way of which the business goals are integrated with the individual goals.
One of the many models within this school is the competitive advantage model which stresses that HR policies and practices should fit the generic strategies of cost reduction, quality enhancement and innovation. The focus is on horizontal integration where policies have a degree of consonance with each other.
Both have their own shortfalls. It suggests a VRIO framework for achieving this edge. In short, this implies: A climate of trust and empowerment is an example of this.The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
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Featured. McKinsey Global Institute Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy. Human resource management (HRM or HR) is the strategic approach to the effective management of organization workers so that they help the business gain a competitive advantage, Commonly known as the HR Department [by whom?], it is designed to maximize employee performance in service of an employer's strategic objectives.
[need quotation to verify] HR is primarily concerned with the . *Sample syllabus is subject to change each semester. Human Resource Management for DoD Security (CDSE ED ) Defense Security Service (DSS) Center for Development of Security Excellence (CDSE).
This Master's programme prepares students to work as Human Resource Management (HRM) professionals or people managers within global organisations.