Pin 5 Shares You have heard of the Revolutionary War and of the Declaration of Independence and probably see these two events as instrumental in the establishment of the United States of America. But did you ever stop to think about the Boston Tea Party and its effect on our country and the lives that we live today? Few people know just how much the Boston Tea Party has affected our lives today. A short reminder of the history of the Boston Tea Party is as follows:
However, it was not hatched in isolation and was influenced by political, social, cultural, technological and scientific trends from the home country, immediate neighbours, Europe and the wider world. The timelines available here try and put the developments that occurred in the acquisition, running and dissolution of Empire into a wider context.
Of course influence worked in both directions and developments in the Empire could and did have a significant impact on the rest of the world.
The British Empire joined parts of the world that had never been connected before. It produced enmity and envy but it also produced new opportunities and made available new products and resources to the world market. Soon, settlers and colonial subjects began to make important contributions in the fields of science, culture and technology themselves.
In short, the British Empire was not an institution in isolation. It took important ideas from wider European and world culture but it also fed ideas and concepts back into parts of the world that were not flying the Union Jack. I have also attempted to explain the complicated procedure of when precisely colonies joined or left the empire on Colonies page.
The British Empire was an eclectic collection of colonies with a bewildering variety of colonial structures. I've attempted to simplify the types of colony and put them into some sort of order of when they transitioned from one kind of colony or status to another.
It was not an easy task to put together and is certainly open to debate in places. However, I hope that it at least gives an approximation of when colonies were included in the British Empire. Please feel free to contact me with suggestions or improvements to this particular timeline.
The Spice Trade of the Orient provided the primary impetus for this interest.
The spices were incredibly valuable for their weight. They also improved the taste of cuisine but more importantly they could be used to extend the shelf life of foodstuffs in an era before refrigeration. Spices from the Orient were literally worth more than their weight in gold.
The Venetians dominated the traditional silk routes as they came into Europe through the Black Sea and the Eastern Mediterranean. The Portuguese were in the process of trying to find an alternative route around the base of Africa.
The Spanish were attempting to find their own route sailing Westwards but stumbling across the New World as they did so. As European powers scrambled for access to this lucrative trade, England dabbled in searching for a North-West Passage to the Orient through the frozen North of the New World.
As yet, England did not have the necessary maritime skills to conduct this exploration without expertise and help from the Continent. Instead they found very barren coastlines and few products of interest except the information that there were good fishing grounds off the coast of Newfoundland.
The King and his merchants were more interested in finding a route to the Orient and so were disappointed with these results. However, the fishing banks off Newfoundland would inspire various English fishermen to cross the Atlantic and slowly build up the oceanic and maritime skill-set of English mariners that would later be so vital to the success of Elizabethan explorers like Raleigh and Drake.
So, although Cabot's voyages failed in their immediate goals, they lit the fuse that would later allow English exploration to flourish. Bristol A glance at the Sixteenth Century Timeline will quickly confirm that England's Imperial ambitions were very limited in the first half of the Century, but then seem to burst into life in the second half.
On the face of it, Henry VIII seemed far more interested in the affairs of Europe than in becoming involved in long distance trade and exploration. However, it was his policies that would help lay more groundwork for England's later exploits. In particular, Henry invested heavily in the Navy and coastal fortifications of his kingdom.
This was largely financed out money raised from the dissolution of the monasteries and the declaration of himself as the Head of the Church of England. This English Reformation would itself become a very powerful catalyst during the reign of Elizabeth as Protestant England had to survive against the rivalry provided by Catholic Europe in general and Spain in particular.
Henry VIII had no way of knowing that his reign would usher in these huge transformations to England's fortunes and future direction. The Triumph of Navigation The initiative for exploration in the Sixteenth Century certainly moved to the Iberian peninsular with Portugal and Spain leading the way.
The wealth that these two countries discovered made the other countries of Europe jealous of their successes.
Their failure, combined with rising tensions with the French, deflected Henry from further maritime exploration. However, he would have more success closer to home with Ireland. He would become the first English King to successfully be regarded as the King of Ireland and have the majority of Irish lords pay fealty to him in return for reissuing lands and rights to them.
It would be a rare moment of triumph for the Royal Family in Anglo-Irish relations. Elizabeth would later see a flip in these fortunes as maritime exploits boomed but Irish affairs deteriorated dramatically.
Philip II's Escorial As a firm Protestant, Edward VI was only 10 years old when he came to the throne and yet he, or rather his advisers, turned to the by now venerable Sebastian Cabot to return to the employ of the English Crown.
Cabot had worked for many years for the Portuguese and Spanish Crowns in their more advanced explorations and so brought a great deal of useful information to the field of English exploration. This was put to use by mariners such as Thomas Wyndham and John Locke who attempted to engage in trade with the Guinea Coast.
This may not have been the original goal of the expedition but it generated later interest to attempt to discover a river route to the Orient through Russia along the massive river-ways there.Trevor Noah and The World's Fakest News Team tackle the biggest stories in news, politics and pop culture.
the plutocracy cartel an entrenched global elite of vast wealth has spread its tentacles over the earth wielding extraordinary power over world affairs. Start studying Chapter 5: From Empire to Independence. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
The triumph of what Britain called the Great War saw Americans: Which is true of the Boston Tea Party? a. It forced the British to repeal the tea tax.
b. Most Bostonians did not support it. Latest breaking news, including politics, crime and celebrity. Find stories, updates and expert opinion.
Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at regardbouddhiste.com Lewis & Clark's provisions and recipes. Provisioning Lewis & Clark's expedition was a complicated work in progress.
Commercial supplies were heavy and there was a .