Normally, when writing an essay at university you will be expected to use only academic sources. The following learning guide on source credibility will help you to determine whether an external source is academic or not. The chocolate essay uses the APA style of referencing, which is easy to distinguish from the Harvard Author-Date System, as the format is different:
News Essay Writing Some assignments, and most examination answers, will be required to be presented in the form of an essay. An essay is a continuous piece of writing in which ideas, propositions, research and justifications are University essay writing referencing forward and analysed in the form of a series of paragraphs.
The structure is different from that of a written report see Report Writing belowwhich is separated into sections by numbers and headings: Below are some suggested means of checking.
Do you understand the essay question? If you can rephrase the question for yourself then, yes. If not, ask for help. Is there a structure? An outline is essential: What are you going to say, and what evidence will you bring in to support it?
If not, the reader is not going to be convinced by what you say, because you are clearly not in possession of the key facts. Your reader lecturer is an informed reader i. Beware of generalisations Look at the following essay question and the attempt at beginning to answer it: Travel broadens the mind.
From the earliest times travel was seen as dangerous and heroic…" The writer is being too general and begins to offer some sociological evidence, which has not been asked for in the question.
A better beginning to the question might have been: There are a number of significant problems facing the tourist industry today Pryer, Some of the most worrying concern the potential danger to the environment politically, physically and culturally; the place of tourism in the economy of many countries is also an issue… Question terminology Analyse key verbs used i.
These verbs give you some idea of the approach to use in your answer. Look at the following essay questions, all on the same subject: Outline the main stages of changes in tourism since The key verbs here, justify, outline, evaluate, diagnose need to be looked at carefully because they indicate the approach you are expected to take when you prepare and write the essay.
A dictionary can prove an invaluable help here. The other words in the question can provide the key to the subject matter you will need to include in your answer i. How to get started Generating ideas - there are various methods of doing this. Different people have different methods.
Blank sheet — Take a blank sheet of paper and write whatever occurs to you, anywhere on the sheet, as you think about the question.
List — List your ideas as they occur. Mind Map — sketch out all the ideas in your mind and then work out how they are related to each other. Next you will need to ask yourself what you need to find out. Your idea-generating session should have given you some idea of the areas to follow.
Your sources are likely to be books, people, magazines, journals, electronic resources and the media.
Making notes Some topics require you to research more, some to think and analyse more. First, analyse the question and decide what it wants you to do. Next, re-write it in an easily understandable form. Your notes will vary according to you and your style — make any that seem relevant to the subject area, at any time — put the information into a box, or special essay file.
This practice can help produce originality. Planning When you get to this point, you need to start to think about the reader of your essay. What you say must be clear and easy to follow, not a mass of unrelated points.
Facts are important but not alone, they should be used in an organised way. You are now at the stage where you will begin to group your material. There are various ways of doing this. Single pieces of paper for single points, allocated to group headings later.
Tree diagram or form of pattern diagram. Once groups have been established, it is important that the sequence of ideas is organised.The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing .
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The Purdue Writing Lab Purdue University students, faculty, and staff at our West Lafayette, IN campus may access this area for information on the award-winning Purdue Writing Lab.
This area includes Writing Lab hours, services, and contact information. Getting Started with Essay Writing from University of California, Irvine.
Course 2: Getting Started with Essay Writing This is the second course in the Academic English: Writing specialization.
By introducing you to three types of academic. Essay Writing Ms Parrot: Essay Chef.
View the video, then try the essay exercises to test your knowledge! Watch the whole story, or see sections of the story below. All the videos have captions that you can view on YouTube.