History of religionsTimeline of religionand History of writing One of the oldest known religious texts is the Kesh Temple Hymn of Ancient Sumer  a set of inscribed clay tablets which scholars typically date around BCE. There are many possible dates given to the first writings which can be connected to Talmudic and Biblical traditions, the earliest of which is found in scribal documentation of the 8th century BCE,  followed by administrative documentation from temples of the 5th and 6th centuries BCE,  with another common date being the 2nd century BCE. High rates of mass production and distribution of religious texts did not begin until the invention of the printing press in before which all religious texts were hand written copies, of which there were relatively limited quantities in circulation. Associated terminology[ edit ] A religious canon refers to the generally accepted, uniform, and often unchanging collection of texts which a religious denomination considers comprehensive in terms of their specific application of texts.
Confucianism is a philosophy or way of life based on the teachings of Confucius, a Chinese scholar from the fifth century B. Confucianism promotes the inherent goodness of mankind, the necessity for correct behavior, and the way to achieve happiness in daily life.
While not largely practiced outside of China, Confucianism's influence has spread around the world and is related closely to Taoism, a more widely-practiced philosophy in Asia. Confucius Born around B. His major work, called the Analects, became the foundation for Confucianism when his popularity grew after his death.
His teachings were spread and expounded upon in the ensuing centuries.
The most recognizable of his writings is: Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. This concept is the basic principle of Confucianism.
Ethics Ethics are a central stepping stone for describing the practice of Confucianism. While Confucianism does not discuss an afterlife or God exactly, it explains there are reasons for doing good.
Confucianism supports the understanding that people should act well toward one another not for social clout or reward but because it is better for everyone.
Confucius said that people should act well toward each other and that they should act toward each other based on their relationship to one another. Human Nature The Confucian view of human nature is that human beings are, for the most part, good. On the other hand, Confucianism also argues that evil and suffering are ever present in life and cannot be avoided.
Confucius gives an example of a child falling down a well. Most people want to help the child even if they don't know the child's parents or if they'll receive a reward. In Confucianism, this scenario proves that humans are essentially good and want to limit suffering.
Symbols Confucianism is not a faith-based religion that has gods or deities. Because of this, there are not a lot of symbols that define the practice. However, a few symbols have come to represent Confucianism in its relation to Taoism.
The Chinese symbol for water often is associated with Confucianism. The idea of water being simple and natural aligns with the teachings of Confucianism.
The yin-yang symbol, which more commonly is used as a Taoist symbol, may be associated with Confucianism to represent the two natures of humanity:Symbols, Icons & Sacred Writings; Symbols of Confucianism. There are four main symbols that represent the beliefs and views of Confucianism.
These include: "Confucius", the Chinese character for water, the Chinese character for scholar, and Yin Yang. A historical writing of the State of Lu (Confucius' home state) which existed between.
Confucian Texts The Lun-yü (Analects) are the most revered sacred scripture in the Confucian tradition. It was probably compiled by the second generation of Confucius' disciples. The Sacred books of China: the texts of Confucianism () [Reprint] Title: sacred china texts confucianism.
We are professionally publishing these works using the classic text and artwork. The content of this print on demand book has not been changed. The book is printed in black and white. regardbouddhiste.com: Symbols.
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The Wujing did not attain their final form until Confucianism was adopted as the Han dynasty's official ideology and its most cherished texts became the basis of the civil service examination.
According to Yale University, the sacred texts of Confucianism are five books that legend states Confucius wrote. These books are "The Book of History," "The Book of Poetry," "The Book of Changes," "The Book of Rites," and the "Spring and Autumn Annals.".